The Galapagos Islands, Ecuador
The volcanic islands are distributed on either side of the Equator in the Pacific Ocean. The islands are populated and are a great place for research, not just tourism. Due to all the endemic species, the islands were visited and studied by Charles Darwin and later inspired the Darwin theory of evolution. Though they are located at the Equator the weather is usually pleasant with little wind but lots of rain. There are multiple islands but only two of them can be travelled to San Cristobal and Baltra but they have about 116 visitor destinations and multiple snorkeling and scuba diving sites. The islands can be reached via air at the airport of Baltra and multiple restaurants and hotels have been constructed to improve and encourage tourism.